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What is the principle of the common cause?
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The principle of the common cause is sometimes referred to as the independence of incoming influences.

It states that: If $X$ does not cause $Y$ and $Y$ does not cause $X$ and they have a common cause $Z$, than assume that $X$ and $Y$ are statistically independent.

If $X$ and $Y$ are dependent, then some causal fact has been left out of the model.
by Diamond (62,028 points)

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