Agriculture, including livestock and crop production, is a major contributor to global greenhouse gas emissions. According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), the agriculture sector is responsible for approximately 10-12% of global greenhouse gas emissions.
The main sources of agricultural GHG emissions are enteric fermentation in livestock, manure management, and rice cultivation. In addition, the use of synthetic fertilizers and the conversion of land for agricultural purposes, such as deforestation, can also contribute to GHG emissions. It is important to address the GHG emissions from the agriculture sector in order to mitigate the impacts of climate change.