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You have to pass through an obstacle course. The probabilities that you make a mistake on each of the 4 obstacles is (respectively) \(0.2,0.3,0.25\) and \(0.5\). You pass the course if you make no more than 2 mistakes. What is the probability that you pass the course?
in Data Science & Statistics by Diamond (40,719 points) | 24 views

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Let \(A, B, C\) and \(D\) represent the events "make a mistake on obstacle \(A\) " and so forth.
\(P(\) pass \()=P(0,1\), or 2 mistakes \()=1-P(3\) or 4 mistakes \()\).
P(4 \text { mistakes })=P(A \cap B \cap C \cap D)=(.2)(.3)(.25)(.5)=.0075
P(3 \text { mistakes })=& P\left(A^{\prime} \cap B \cap C \cap D\right)+P\left(A \cap B^{\prime} \cap C \cap D\right) \\
&+P\left(A \cap B \cap C^{\prime} \cap D\right)+P\left(A \cap B \cap C \cap D^{\prime}\right) \\
=&(.8)(.3)(.25)(.5)+(.2)(.7)(.25)(.5)+(.2)(.3)(.75)(.5)+(.2)(.3)(.25)(.5) \\
=& .0775
So \(P(\) pass \()=1-(.0075+.0775)=.915\)
by Diamond (40,719 points)

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