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Introduction to Psychology Practice Problems

A multiple choice quiz based on the course, Introduction to Psychology

  • Question of

    The word ‘psychology’ comes from:

    • Latin
    • Spanish
    • Greek
    • Italian
  • Question of

    Psychology is defined as the scientific study of:

    • people and things
    • emotions and beliefs
    • perception and religion
    • mind and behaviour
  • Question of

    The scientific approach is more useful at answering questions about ______ than questions about ______.

    • facts, values
    • ideas, emotions
    • values, facts
    • emotions, facts
  • Question of

    According to the text, the lower level of explanation corresponds to ______ processes.

    • social
    • cultural
    • biological
    • interpersonal
  • Question of

    A psychologist exploring the impact of a new drug on activity in the brain is working on the ______ level of explanation.

    • lower
    • middle
    • upper
    • all the above
  • Question of

    A psychologist studying what makes people laugh in different countries around the world is working on the ______ level of explanation.

    • lower
    • middle
    • upper
    • all of the above
  • Question of

    Different people react differently to the same situation. This is referred to as:

    • multiple determinants
    • nativism
    • the Simpson effect
    • individual differences
  • Question of

    ______ is to nature as ______ is to nurture.

    • environment, genes
    • conscious, unconscious
    • inaccuracy, accuracy
    • biology, experience
  • Question of

    The term “tabula rasa” highlights the importance of ______ in shaping behaviour.

    • genes
    • experience
    • nature
    • predestination
  • Question of

    The Greek philosopher ______ believed that knowledge is acquired through experience and learning.

    • Archimedes
    • Rousseau
    • Plato
    • Aristotle
  • Question of

    ______ is to nature as ______ is to nurture.

    • Plato, Aristotle
    • Aristotle, Plato
    • Pliny, Archimedes
    • Stavros, Pliny
  • Question of

    ______ is the belief that the mind is fundamentally different from the body.

    • mindism
    • dualism
    • centralism
    • specialism
  • Question of

    The school of psychology whose goal was to identify the basic elements of experience was called:

    • experientialism
    • dualism
    • functionalism
    • structuralism
  • Question of

    Which of the following was most closely associated with the structuralist school of psychology?

    • Titchener
    • James
    • Descartes
    • Watson
  • Question of

    Darwin’s theory of ______ argued that physiological characteristics evolve because they are useful to the organism.

    • extreme usefulness
    • natural endowment
    • natural selection
    • natural wellbeing
  • Question of

    ______ was to structuralism as ______ was to functionalism.

    • Wundt, Titchener
    • Wundt, James
    • James, Titchener
    • Milner, Thompson
  • Question of

    Freud championed ______ psychology.

    • psychodynamic
    • cultural
    • conscious
    • biodynamic
  • Question of

    Which school of psychology believes that it is impossible to objectively study the mind?

    • functionalism
    • behaviorism
    • humanism
    • socialism
  • Question of

    Receiving an electric shock would be an example of a ______ whereas being frightened would be an example of a ______.

    • stimulus, response
    • punishment, reward
    • reaction, emotion
    • reinforcement, stimulus
  • Question of

    Dr Pula wants to explore differences in child-rearing practices between British and Chinese parents. She is most likely a:

    • cognitive psychologist
    • physiological psychologist
    • cognitive-ergonomic psychologist
    • social-cultural psychologist
  • Question of

    Nature is to ________ as nurture is to ________.

    • environment/genes
    • conscious/unconscious
    • genes/environment
    • unconscious/conscious
  • Question of

    Freud emphasized the role of ________ in shaping people’s personality.

    • free will
    • unconscious desires
    • hormones
    • group influence
  • Question of

    Evolutionary psychology has its roots in:

    • behaviourism
    • collectivism
    • functionalism
    • structuralism
  • Question of

    Most human behaviour:

    • can be easily explained
    • has multiple causes
    • stems from unconscious desires
    • depends on social influence
  • Question of

    A forensic psychologist would be most likely to study:

    • the accuracy of eyewitness memory
    • the impact of advertising on shopping behaviour
    • the effect of hormones on decision making
    • gender differences in learning styles
  • Question of

    The behaviorists rejected introspection because:

    • it was too slow
    • it invaded people’s privacy
    • it yielded too much data
    • it was too subjective
  • Question of

    Another term for reinforcement is:

    • stimulus
    • reward
    • response
    • condition
  • Question of

    East Asian cultures tend to be more oriented toward ________ while Western cultures tend to be more oriented toward ________.

    • individualism/collectivism
    • collectivism/individualism
    • cultural norms/social norms
    • social norms/cultural norms
  • Question of

    Watson and Skinner both contributed to which school of psychology?

    • functionalism
    • cognitive
    • social-cultural
    • behaviourism
  • Question of

    Which field of psychology would be most likely to study the influence of over-crowding on conformity?

    • personality
    • cognitive
    • clinical
    • social

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