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What are the stages of the  APRM review process?
in Social Studies by Diamond (79,422 points)
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The APR process follows five broad phases: Stage one begins with an initial consultation between the APR Secretariat and the country to be reviewed. This consultation should provide an overview of the process and work out the terms of a memorandum of understanding governing the review. The country under review is required to create an APR Focal Point to co-ordinate with the APR Secretariat. The 2004 Kigali meeting of the APR heads of state also adopted recommendations that “participating countries immediately take steps to identify or establish broad-based and all-inclusive APRM National Coordinating Structures where they do not already exist.” This structure would be responsible for sending the Self-Assessment Questionnaire to a wide variety of stakeholders. Once its structures are in place, the APR Secretariat and the country under review simultaneously (but independently) compile preliminary documents. The APR Secretariat must prepare a background document assessing the country to be reviewed, drawing on up-to-date
information from national, sub-regional, regional and international organisations. The APR Secretariat also prepares a document outlining the nation’s major issues. For this work, the APR Secretariat will require the country focal point to gather relevant laws, treaty ratifications, budgets and development plans and forward them to the APR Secretariat. At the same time, the country must complete the APR self-assessment questionnaire and gather broad input from civil society. In addition, the government must also draft a paper outlining the nation’s big issues and a National Programme of Action containing clear steps and deadlines for how the country intends to conform with APR codes and standards, the African Union Charter and UN obligations. (See Appendix A, List of APR Standards and Codes) Based on the above documents, the APR Secretariat then writes a report outlining the central issues upon which the review process will be focused. In stage two an expert team visits the country, meeting with government, business, academics, parliamentarians, the media and other members of civil society to assess the draft national Programme of Action. Team members are not permanent staff and are appointed only for work on a given country visit and report. The countryvisits last for a minimum of three weeks. The visiting team will consist of one member of the panel of eminent persons, one administrative person and four experts drawn from partner institutions, including the UN Development Programme, UN Economic Commission for Africa, the African Development Bank and African Union bodies. During stage three, the country review team drafts its report, sharing its findings with the government being assessed. Government responses are then appended to the team report and, if needed, the national Programme of Action is modified according to the team’s findings. The Panel of Eminent Persons takes over the process in stage four, writing recommendations for policy reforms based on the review team’s findings. The heads of state in the APR Forum then discuss the panel’s recommendations with the leader of the country under review. In stage five, which must be completed within six months of the start of the review, the final report is made public and tabled in the African Union, Pan-African Parliament, Peace and Security Council, Economic, Social and Cultural Council and other relevant bodies. The APR Secretariat also follows up on commitments made, holds regional workshops to share best practices identified in the reviews and offers technical support to assist countries in fulfilling their APR plans
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