Since the Beijing Conference, poverty of women is perceived and considered as a development problem. Beijing PFA presents the fundamental reasons for persistence of poverty and its weight on women:
- lack of prospects and economic autonomy associated with limited access to productive resources, education, low level of participation in decision-making.
- the little attention paid to analysis of gender equity in the definition of economic policies and plans, - social services that do not adequately take into account the specific situation of women, particularly in the distribution of paid labour and responsibilities within the family and the society,
- vulnerability of women on the labour market for lack of qualification through discrimination, excess family burden, poor health due particularly to lack of access to health services and lack of information and decision on reproductive health and family planning.