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How do I factorize a quadratic trinomial?
in Mathematics by Diamond (81,058 points) | 41 views

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Factorising is the reverse of calculating the product of factors. In order to factorise a quadratic, we need to find the factors which, when multiplied together, equal the original quadratic.

Consider a quadratic expression of the form $a{x}^{2}+bx$. We see here that $x$ is a common factor in both terms. Therefore, $a{x}^{2}+bx$ factorises as $x(ax+b)$. For example, $8{y}^{2}+4y$ factorises as $4y(2y+1)$.

Another type of quadratic is made up of the difference of squares. We know that:
\[\begin{equation*}
  (a+b)(a-b)={a}^{2}-{b}^{2}
\end{equation*}\]

So $a^2-b^2$ can be written in factorised form as $(a+b)(a-b)$.

This means that if we ever come across a quadratic that is made up of a difference of squares, we can immediately write down the factors.
by Diamond (81,058 points)

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