When it comes to checking if a network port is opened or closed on a remote computer, there’s no easier way than to use Telnet. Ports that are left open for no reason are a security risk that can be exploited by malicious programs and viruses. At the same time, if a legitimate software communicates through a certain port, having that port closed will make the program throw errors and malfunction.
One of the most important things to remember is that Telnet is disabled by default in Window’s settings, so you need to turn it on before you can do anything. Turning it on will help you to run the required diagnostics and check if a port is open. If you try to use telnet without turning it on first, you’ll receive a message like:
Many times when you try to use Telnet, you may find that your own network is blocking your connection. It’s quite common for users to be running a firewall, which blocks connection, outbound ports. A basic way to test whether your firewall is interrupting your Telnet is to disable your firewall and run a Telnet test.
If you want to check for closed ports on your router, enter your router management console. Open a web browser and enter the IP address or name of the router, for example “192.168.0.10”. If the page does not open, try replacing “http” with “https” at the beginning of the address.
Next, enter your username and password, and click “Enter” or “Log in”. Head to the Security section to open or close ports and access other firewall settings of the router.
If you need to make resources in the internal network accessible from the outside, enter “External access”/”Port forwarding” section. Consult the router manufacturer’s documentation for the detailed instructions.